The life of the 10-year-old Madame Royale began to be affected as several members of the royal household were sent abroad for their own safety. The comte d'Artois, her uncle, and the duchesse de Polignac, governess to the royal children, emigrated on the orders of Louis XVI. [30] Some German historians believe she was the real Marie-Thérèse,[29] who had swapped places with her adoptive-sister, and possible half-sister, Ernestine Lambriquet, following the revolution. Marie-Thérèse arrived in Vienna on 9 January 1796, in the evening, twenty-two days after she had left the Temple.[19]. A voir également "Le procès de Marie-Antoinette", à l'auditori... Lire la suite, Si les excès de la révolution ont conduit le roi et la reine à la guillotine, il ne faut cependant pas occulter les excès de l'absolutisme. All she knew was that her father was dead. Louis XVI quant à lui tergiverse longtemps avant la moindre décision préférant la guerre et ses enfants, puisqu'il est père depuis 1778. Ô mon père, veillez sur moi du haut du Ciel. Marie-Thérèse has been portrayed in several motion picture adaptations, mainly to do with her mother's life. The royal family moved to Great Britain, where they settled at Hartwell House, Buckinghamshire,[21] while her father-in-law spent most of his time in Edinburgh, where he had been given apartments at Holyrood House. O my God! Vous bénéficiez d'un droit d'accès et de rectification de vos données personnelles, ainsi que celui d'en demander l'effacement dans les limites prévues par la loi. Le marié, qui porte le titre de duc de Berry, est le troisième fils du dauphin Louis, mort cinq ans plus tôt, et de Marie-Josèphe de Saxe. Les 50 dates de l'Histoire de France à connaître. Hélas, une bousculade meurtrière (plus d'une centaine de victimes) vient ternir la fête populaire. [28] Possibly as she was too traumatised to resume a role in society,[28] but also as a result of a pregnancy, after abuse by her captors, which was referred to in a letter from a family friend, at the Spanish Court, in 1795. Technically she was Queen of France for twenty minutes, on 2 August 1830, between the time her father-in-law signed the instrument of abdication and the time her husband, reluctantly, signed the same document.[1][2]. Mais déjà les graines de la future révolution apparaissent. C'est qu'il s'agit de faire honneur à l'alliance franco-autrichienne... Camille Vignolle, ingénieur de l'école du paysage d'Angers, a suivi l'école des Beaux-Arts de Montpellier. However, in spite of the fact that Charles X had asked him to be regent for the young king, Louis-Philippe, duc d'Orléans accepted the crown when the Chambre des Députés named him King of the French. En 1770, Louis épouse l'archiduchesse d'Autriche Marie Antoinette, fille cadette de l'empereur François 1er et de l'impératrice Marie-Thérèse. Louis XVIII attempted to steer a middle course between liberals and the Ultra-royalists led by the comte d'Artois. L'archiduchesse Marie-Antoinette est le quinzième et avant-dernier enfant de Marie-Thérèse de Habsbourg, impératrice d'Allemagne, et de son mari François Ier de Lorraine. The troops agreed to defend her but not to cause a civil war with Napoléon's troops. [6] She was named after her maternal grandmother, the reigning Empress Maria Theresa of Austria. Marie-Thérèse was baptized on the day of her birth. The royal family lived in what is now 22 (then 21) Regent Terrace in Edinburgh[26][27] until 1833 when the former king chose to move to Prague as a guest of Marie-Thérèse's cousin, Emperor Francis I of Austria. In 1848, Louis Philippe's reign ended in a revolution and, for the second time, France became a Republic. Elle ne peut obtenir de savoir des nouvelles de sa mère, pas même d'être réunie à elle quoiqu'elle l'ait demandé mille fois. Her nephew, who now styled himself as the comte de Chambord, and his sister joined her there. He had proclaimed himself King of France as Louis XVIII after the death of Marie-Thérèse's brother. Le 19 avril 1770, elle se marie par procuration et le surlendemain, quitte à jamais Vienne pour Paris. When she had been informed of each of their fates, the distraught Marie-Thérèse began to cry, letting out loud sobs of anguish and grief.[16]:p.156. She became the Dauphine of France upon the accession of her father-in-law to the throne of France in 1824. Le duc de Choiseul, ministre du roi Louis XV et favori de la Pompadour, a désiré l'unir à l'héritier de la couronne de France pour contrer l'influence anglaise après la guerre de Sept ans. Van der Valck referred to Botta as 'Your Grace' and they only spoke to each other in French. Live, my good mother! However, anti-monarchist feeling was on the rise again. By 1789, France was hurtling toward revolution as the result of bankruptcy brought on by the country's support of the American Revolution and high food prices due to drought, all of which was exacerbated by propagandists whose central object of scorn and ridicule was the Queen of France, Marie Antoinette. [16] The two books she had, the famous prayer book by the name of The Imitation of Christ and Voyages by La Harpe, were read over and over, so much so that she grew tired of them. [15] Remaining in their apartment in the Tower were Marie Antoinette, Marie-Thérèse and Madame Élisabeth, Louis XVI's youngest sister. Louis XVIII died on 16 September 1824, and was succeeded by his younger brother, the comte d'Artois, as Charles X. Marie-Thérèse's husband was now heir to the throne, and she was addressed as Madame la Dauphine. As the attacks upon the queen grew ever more vicious, the popularity of the monarchy plummeted. Son premier amour, Marie Mancini, était la nièce de Mazarin, mais ce dernier ainsi que Anne d’Autriche s’opposèrent fermement à cette union, et l’entrevue du 22 juin 1659 avant l’exil de la princesse loin de la Cour fut la dernière. Louis XVI très naïvement et issu du droit divin n'a jamais c... Lire la suite. For other uses, see, Only includes Princesses of the House of Bourbon before the. Marie-Thérèse's household was headed by her governess, Princess Victorie of Rohan-Guéméné, who later had to resign due to her husband's bankruptcy and was replaced by one of the queen's closest friends, Yolande de Polastron, Duchesse de Polignac. She was buried next to her uncle/father-in-law, Charles X, and her husband, Louis XIX, in the crypt of the Franciscan monastery church of Castagnavizza in Görz, then in Austria, now Kostanjevica in the Slovenian city of Nova Gorica. On 16 August, the family had reached the port of Cherbourg where they boarded a ship for Britain. Marie-Thérèse found her return emotionally draining and she was distrustful of the many Frenchmen who had supported either the Republic or Napoleon. Marie-Thérèse died of pneumonia on 19 October 1851, three days after the fifty-eighth anniversary of the execution of her mother. Her stay in the Temple Tower was one of solitude and often great boredom. De leur union naîtront quatre enfants. The couple had no children.[20]. One account, written by a partisan source some years after her death, says that on New Year's Day in 1784, after having some beautiful toys brought to Marie-Thérèse's apartment, Marie Antoinette told her: I should have liked to have given you all these as New Year's gifts, but the winter is very hard, there is a crowd of unhappy people who have no bread to eat, no clothes to wear, no wood to make a fire. As Marie-Thérèse matured, the march toward the French Revolution was gaining momentum. On 2 August 1830, after Les Trois Glorieuses, the Revolution of July 1830 which lasted three days, Charles X, who with his family had gone to the Château de Rambouillet, abdicated in favor of his son, who in turn abdicated in favor of his nephew, the nine-year old duc de Bordeaux. She was liberated on 18 December 1795, on the eve of her seventeenth birthday,[18] exchanged for prominent French prisoners (Pierre Riel de Beurnonville, Jean-Baptiste Drouet, Hugues-Bernard Maret, Armand-Gaston Camus, Nicolas Marie Quinette and Charles-Louis Huguet de Sémonville) and taken to Vienna, the capital city of her cousin, the Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, and also her mother's birthplace. On 13 February 1820, tragedy struck when the comte d'Artois' younger son, the duc de Berry, was assassinated by the anti-Bourbon and Bonapartist sympathiser Pierre Louvel, a saddler. Charles's ultra-royalist sympathies alienated many members of the working and middle classes. La seconde épouse de Louis deviendra son bâton de vieillesse. Le 30 mai, la ville de Paris fait tirer un feu d'artifice sur la place Louis Quinze (l'actuelle place de la Concorde), en face de la promenade des Champs-Élysées. Timide, pieux, réservé : c'est ce jeune homme là qui épouse en 1770, à l'âge de 15 ans l'autrichienne Marie-Antoinette, 14 ans. On 28 July 2014 the 'Interessenkreis Dunkelgräfin' broadcast the results which proved beyond doubt that the Dunkelgräfin was not Marie-Thérèse, on television.[31]. While it is now generally agreed that the queen's actions did little to provoke such animosity, the damage these pamphlets inflicted upon the monarchy proved to be a catalyst for the upheaval to come. [24], On 4 August, in a long cortège, Marie-Thérèse left Rambouillet for a new exile with her uncle, her husband, her young nephew, his mother, the duchesse de Berry, and his sister Louise Marie Thérèse d'Artois. En savoir plus sur notre politique de confidentialité. C'est à partir du XIIIème siècle que se diffuse en France le mot « sourire » dans le sens de « prendre une expression rieuse ». Le 10 mai 1774, la mort du roi, fait du jeune homme le nouveau souverain, son père ayant disparu quelques années auparavant. In March 1815, Napoléon returned to France and rapidly began to gain supporters and raised an army in the period known as the Hundred Days. Inside the Court at Versailles, jealousies and xenophobia were the principal causes of resentment and anger toward Marie Antoinette. Timide, pieux, réservé : c'est ce jeune homme là qui épouse en 1770, à l'âge de 15 ans l'autrichienne Marie-Antoinette, 14 ans. Elle donne aujourd'hui des cours d'Histoire de l'art à Lausanne. Her husband died in 1844 and was buried next to his father. [3] As the daughter of the king of France, she was a fille de France, and as the eldest daughter of the king, she was styled Madame Royale at birth. Louis-Antoine was a shy, stammering young man. The Duchesse de Polignac was replaced by Princess Louise-Elisabeth de Croÿ, Marquise de Tourzel, whose daughter Pauline became a lifelong friend of Marie-Thérèse. L'archiduchesse Marie-Antoinette est le quinzième et avant-dernier enfant de Marie-Thérèse de Habsbourg, impératrice d'Allemagne, et de son mari François 1er de Lorraine. It was only once the Terror was over that Marie-Thérèse was allowed to leave France. On 29 September 1820, she gave birth to a son, Henri, duc de Bordeaux, the so-called "Miracle child", who later, as the Bourbon pretender to the French throne, assumed the title of comte de Chambord.[23]. [28] The woman, who gave her name as Sophie Botta, lived in a castle in the area from 1807 until her death in 1837, and never spoke in public,[29] or was seen outside without her face being veiled. A son would have belonged to the state—you will belong to me.[5]. His father tried to persuade Louis XVIII against the marriage. La bénédiction nuptiale est donnée à Louis-Auguste et Marie-Antoinette dans la chapelle de Versailles par l'archevêque de Reims, grand aumônier du roi. Of the royal prisoners in the Temple, Marie-Thérèse Charlotte was the only one to survive the Reign of Terror. [17], In late August 1795, Marie-Thérèse was finally told what had happened to her family, by Madame Renée de Chanterenne, her female companion. Elle est la dernière reine de l’ … His uncle, the future. Le Roi-Soleil, refroidi par les femmes, considérera qu'elles "attaquent le cœur du prince, comme une place". Her unpopularity with certain powerful members of the Court, including the Duke of Orléans, led to the printing and distribution of scurrilous pamphlets which accused her of a range of sexual depravities as well as of spending the country into financial ruin. La discrétion des premières années de la reine laisse bientôt place aux frivolités et aux excentricités qui attisent les reproches. Autres maîtresses : Catherine Bellier (1617-1689), baronne de Beauvais, dite "Cathau la Borgnesse", de … Les informations recueillies sont destinées à CCM Benchmark Group pour vous assurer l'envoi de votre newsletter. Marie-Thérèse was born at the Palace of Versailles on 19 December 1778, the first child (after eight years of her parents' marriage), and eldest daughter of King Louis XVI of France and Queen Marie Antoinette. On 21 January 1793, Louis XVI was executed on the guillotine, at which time Marie-Thérèse's young brother Louis Charles was recognized as King Louis XVII of France by the royalists. Fils du dauphin Louis de France et de Marie-Josèphe de Saxe, il devient dauphin à la mort de son père. Philip was the first Bourbon king of Spain, the country's present ruling house. She visited the site where her brother had died, and the Madeleine Cemetery where her parents were buried. She can obtain no news of her mother; nor be reunited to her, though she has asked it a thousand times. Découvrez toutes nos lettres déjà parues. [3] As a result of the horrible experience, Louis XVI banned public viewing, allowing only close family members and a handful of trusted courtiers to witness the birth of the next royal children. Almost six months later, in the evening of 3 July 1793,[14] guards entered the royal family's apartment, forcibly took away the eight-year-old Louis Charles, and entrusted him to the care of Antoine Simon, a cobbler and Temple commissioner. But her appeal for more books was denied by government officials, and many other requests were frequently refused, while she often had to endure listening to her brother's cries and screams whenever he was beaten. [8], Marie-Thérèse was joined by two brothers and a sister, Louis Joseph Xavier François, Dauphin of France, in 1781, Louis-Charles de France, Duke of Normandy, in 1785, and Sophie Hélène Béatrix, Madame Sophie, in 1786. [16] On 11 May, Robespierre visited Marie-Thérèse, but there is no record of the conversation. As a young girl, Marie-Thérèse was noted to be quite attractive, with beautiful blue eyes, inheriting the good looks of her mother and maternal grandmother. The long years of exile ended with the abdication of Napoleon I in 1814, and the first Bourbon Restoration, when Louis XVIII stepped upon the throne of France, twenty-one years after the death of his brother Louis XVI. [12] The plan was for the royal family to flee to the northeastern fortress of Montmédy, a royalist stronghold, but the attempted flight was intercepted in Varennes, and the family escorted back to Paris.[12]. Marie-Antoinette Josèphe Jeanne de Habsbourg-Lorraine, née le 2 novembre 1755 à Vienne en Autriche et morte guillotinée le 16 octobre 1793 sur la place de la Révolution à Paris, est reine de France et de Navarre de 1774 à 1791, puis reine des Français de 1791 à 1792. Mitchell, Anne (1993), "The People of Calton Hill", Marie Thérèse Charlotte of France, Madame Royale, Louis had no children; he died aged 10 in 1795. He also attempted to suppress the many men who claimed to be Marie-Thérèse's long-lost younger brother, Louis XVII. The worsening political situation, however, had little effect on Marie-Thérèse, as more immediate tragedies struck when her younger sister, Sophie, died in 1787,[10] followed two years later by the Dauphin, Louis-Joseph, who died of tuberculosis, on 4 June 1789,[10] one day after the opening of the Estates-General. The following words were scratched on the wall of her room in the tower: "Marie-Thérèse Charlotte is the most unhappy person in the world. Leur union sera secrète. However, the wedding took place on 10 June 1799 at Jelgava Palace (modern-day Latvia). C'est un garçon doux et maladivement timide. Like her deceased uncle, Marie-Thérèse had remained a devout Roman Catholic. During her imprisonment, Marie-Thérèse was never told what had happened to her family. Vive ma bonne mère que j'aime bien et dont je ne peux savoir des nouvelles. "Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte" redirects here. On 10 August 1792, after the royal family had taken refuge in the Legislative Assembly, Louis XVI was deposed, although the monarchy was not abolished before 21 September. C'est sous l'impulsion de son grand-père Louis XV que l'union se fait afin de renforcer l'alliance entre la France et l'Autriche. King Louis-Philippe had taken care of the arrangements for the departure and sailing of his cousins.[25]. Soon after, the royal family was cheered when it was learned that the duchesse de Berry was pregnant at the time of her husband's death. The famous antiquarian the Duke of Blacas was also buried there in honor of his dutiful years of service as a minister to Louis XVIII and Charles X. Marie-Thérèse is described on her gravestone as the "Queen Dowager of France", a reference to her husband's 20 min rule as King Louis XIX of France. She was married to Louis Antoine, Duke of Angoulême, who was the eldest son of the future Charles X, her father's younger brother; thus the bride and groom were also first cousins. Marie-Thérèse agreed. Louis XVI was an affectionate father, who delighted in spoiling his daughter, while her mother was stricter. I have given them all my money; I have none left to buy you presents, so there will be none this year. [28] She was accompanied by Leonardus Cornelius van der Valck, a secretary in the Dutch embassy in Paris from July 1798 to April 1799,[citation needed] and together they were known as the Dark Counts. Cette union est la concrétisation d'une alliance visant à améliorer les relations du Royaume de France avec l'Autriche. [9] She was the only one of her parents' four children to survive past age 10. Les deux époux se rencontrent à Compiègne avant de gagner ensemble Versailles. O my father! When she was revived, the queen greeted her daughter (whom she later nicknamed Mousseline[4]) with delight: Poor little one, you are not desired, but you will be none the less dear to me! Out of all her siblings, she was closest to Louis Joseph, and after his death, Louis Charles. Ensuite viennent les festivités. They moved into luxurious apartments in Prague Castle. When Marie Antoinette was taken to the Conciergerie one month later, in the night of 2 August, Marie-Thérèse was left in the care of her aunt Élisabeth who, in turn, was taken away on 9 May 1794 and executed the following day. She later left Vienna and moved to Mitau, Courland (now Jelgava, Latvia), where her father's eldest surviving brother, the comte de Provence, lived as a guest of Tsar Paul I of Russia. Marie-Thérèse then moved to Schloss Frohsdorf, a baroque castle just outside Vienna, where she spent her days taking walks, reading, sewing and praying. Marie Antoinette almost died of suffocation during this birth due to a crowded and unventilated room, but the windows were finally opened to let fresh air in the room in an attempt to revive her. Françoise d'Aubigné, veuve Scarron, marquise de Maintenon (1635-1719), qui fut la gouvernante des enfants légitimés de Louis XIV et de Madame de Montespan. Au total, et en dépit de ce drame, les festivités, prolongées jusqu'au 14 juillet 1770, auront coûté la somme considérable de deux millions de livres. forgive those who have made my parents suffer." watch over me from Heaven above. [11] After the invasion of the palace in the early hours of 6 October had forced the family to take refuge in the king's apartment, the crowd demanded and obtained the move of the king and his family to the Tuileries Palace in Paris. Social discontent mixed with a crippling budget deficit provoked an outburst of anti-absolutist sentiment. [11], As the political situation deteriorated, Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette realized that their lives were in danger, and went along with the plan of escape organised with the help of Count Axel von Fersen. Louis XVI, né le 23 août 1754 à Versailles et mort guillotiné le 21 janvier 1793 à Paris, est roi de France et de Navarre du 10 mai 1774 au 6 novembre 1789, puis roi des Français jusqu’au 21 septembre 1792.Il est le dernier roi de France de la période dite de l'Ancien Régime. Marie Antoinette was determined that her daughter should not grow up to be as haughty as her husband's unmarried aunts. [citation needed]. Marie-Thérèse Charlotte of France (19 December 1778 – 19 October 1851), Madame Royale, was the eldest child of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, and the only one to reach adulthood (her siblings all dying before the age of 11). The actual care was however given by the sub governesses, notably Baroness Marie Angélique de Mackau. With no children of his own, he wished his niece to marry her cousin, Louis-Antoine, duc d'Angoulême, son of his brother, the comte d'Artois. Ô mon Dieu, pardonnez à ceux qui ont fait souffrir mes parents. Le mercredi 16 mai 1770, Marie-Antoinette (14 ans) épouse Louis (16 ans), petit-fils du roi de France Louis XV et futur Louis XVI. Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte est la plus malheureuse personne du monde. Marie-Thérèse devotedly nursed her uncle through his last illness in 1836, when he died of cholera. On 21 January 1793, Louis XVI was executed on the guillotine, at which time Marie-Thérèse's young brother Louis Charles was recognized as King Louis XVII of France by the royalists. Elle devint l'épouse secrète du roi en 1683. Louis XIV avait un goût très prononcé pour les femmes. Those claimants caused the princess a good deal of distress. She often invited children of lower rank[7] to come and dine with Marie-Thérèse and, according to some accounts, encouraged the child to give her toys to the poor. Louis XVIII fled France, but Marie-Thérèse, who was in Bordeaux at the time, attempted to rally the local troops. Le mercredi 16 mai 1770, Marie-Antoinette (14 ans) épouse Louis (16 ans), petit-fils du roi de France Louis XV et futur Louis XVI. Her actions caused Napoléon to remark that she was "the only man in her family."[22]. Marie-Thérèse stayed in Bordeaux despite Napoléon's orders for her to be arrested when his army arrived. The royal remains were exhumed on 18 January 1815 and re-interred in Saint-Denis Basilica, the royal necropolis of France, on 21 January 1815, the 22nd anniversary of Louis XVI's execution. In October 2013, the grave of a woman in Hildburghausen, Thuringia, Germany, was exhumed to obtain DNA for testing, to determine if she was Marie-Thérèse. Later, the royal family left Prague and moved to the estate of Count Coronini near Gorizia, which was then Austrian but is in Italy today. Louis Auguste n'était pas destiné à devenir le souverain de France mais la mort du dauphin, son frère, en 1761 change la donne et le place en première ligne. Later, her nephew Henri, the comte de Chambord, last male of the senior line of the House of Bourbon; his wife, the comtesse de Chambord (formerly the Archduchess Marie-Thérèse of Austria-Este, daughter of Duke Francis IV of Modena and his wife, Princess Maria Beatrice of Savoy); and the comte's only sister, Louise, Duchess of Parma, were also laid to rest in the crypt in Görz. La mort prématurée de ses deux aînés en a fait l'héritier de la couronne sans y avoir été préparé. Believing her cause was lost, and to spare Bordeaux senseless destruction, she finally agreed to leave. Pour l'occasion est inauguré l'opéra du palais de Versailles, une magnifique salle modulable où vont se dérouler successivement un festin, un concert et un bal pour 1500 courtisans, puis le lendemain un opéra, Persée, de Quinault et Lully. After Napoléon was defeated at Waterloo on 18 June 1815, the House of Bourbon was restored for a second time, and Louis XVIII returned to France. D'une grande beauté, Marie-Antoinette souffre de la distance avec son époux qui ne consommera leur mariage qu'au bout de sept ans. Et accédez à des documents multimédia, exclusifs et surprenants ! On 13 August, the entire family was imprisoned in the Temple Tower,[13] remains of a former medieval fortress. [29], The DNA testing revealed that the Dark Countess was not Marie-Thérèse, but rather, another woman whose identity remains a mystery. Vous pouvez également à tout moment revoir vos options en matière de ciblage. Elles seront également utilisées sous réserve des options souscrites, à des fins de ciblage publicitaire. When the Bastille was stormed by an armed mob on 14 July 1789, the situation reached a climax. On 5 October, a mixed cortège of mainly working women from Paris marched to Versailles, intent on acquiring food believed to be stored there, and to advance political demands. whom I love well, but of whom I can hear no tidings. En savoir plus, Herodote.net se développe avec le seul soutien de ses abonnés...En savoir plus, Oui,il y a des signes de mauvsis augure comme ça,ainsi le pensaient les Estruques,également le couronnement de Nicolas II.Espérons que l'avion de François Hollande frappé par la foudre aujourd'hui n'e... Lire la suite, A lire absolument "Marie-Antoinette" de Stefan Zweig, biographie remarquable tant du point de vue historique que par la qualité du style. After her marriage, she was known as the Duchess of Angoulême. She has also been portrayed in the following: Marie-Thérèse was a descendant of the Holy Roman Emperors through her mother, Archduchess Marie-Antoinette of Austria who was a daughter of Empress Maria Theresa I, Holy Roman Empress; The Empress wanted all her eldest granddaughters to be named after her. La petite archiduchesse est préparée à la hâte à ses futures responsabilités de souveraine par sa mère l'impératrice. In contrast to her image as a materialistic queen who ignored the plight of the poor, Marie Antoinette attempted to teach her daughter about the sufferings of others. Maria Carolina of Austria, queen consort of Naples and Sicily, Yolande de Polastron, Duchesse de Polignac, Louis-Charles de France, Duke of Normandy, Princess Louise-Elisabeth de Croÿ, Marquise de Tourzel, Archduchess Marie-Thérèse of Austria-Este, Empress Maria Theresa I, Holy Roman Empress, Newspaper article on sale of 21 Regent Terrace, "German grave to unlock 'mystery of the Bourbons, "Dunkelgraefin war keine Prinzessin und nicht Tochter von Ludwig XVI", Duchess of Angoulême's Memoirs on the Captivity in the Temple, Duchess of Angoulême's Memoir on the Flight to Varennes, English language site of the franciscan Monastery in Kostanjevica, English and German language site about the substitution theory of Madame Royale and the "Dark Countess of Hildburghausen", Éléonore de Bourbon-Condé, Princess of Orange, Louise de Bourbon-Soissons, Duchesse of Longueville, Anne Marie Louise, Duchess of Montpensier, Marguerite Louise, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Anne Geneviève de Bourbon-Condé, Duchess of Longueville, Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans, Duchess of Lorraine, Marie Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans, Duchess of Berry, Charlotte Aglaé d'Orléans, Duchess of Modena, Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans, Queen of Spain, Marie Thérèse de Bourbon-Condé, Princess of Conti, Anne Marie Victoire de Bourbon, mademoiselle de Condé, Anne Louise Bénédicte de Bourbon-Condé, Duchess of Maine, Marie Anne de Bourbon-Condé, Duchess of Vendôme, Marie Anne de Bourbon-Conti, Duchess of Bourbon, Louise Adélaïde de Bourbon-Conti, mademoiselle de la Roche-sur-Yon, Marie Anne Éléonore de Bourbon, mademoiselle de Condé, Louise Élisabeth de Bourbon-Condé, Princess of Conti, Louise Anne de Bourbon-Condé, mademoiselle de Charolais, Marie Anne de Bourbon-Condé, mademoiselle de Clermont, Henriette Louise de Bourbon-Condé, mademoiselle de Vermandois, Élisabeth Alexandrine de Bourbon-Condé, mademoiselle de Sens, Louise Henriette de Bourbon-Conti, Duchess of Orléans, Louise Adélaïde de Bourbon, mademoiselle de Condé, Henriette Marie, Queen of England, Ireland and Scotland, Élisabeth Marguerite, Duchess of Alençon and Angoulême, Françoise d'Aubigné, Marchioness of Maintenon, Maria Carolina Sophia Felicity Leszczyńska, Princess Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate, Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Marie_Thérèse_of_France&oldid=985592756, Recipients of the Order of the Holy Spirit, Grand Crosses of the Order of Saint Louis, Recipients of the Order of Military Merit (France), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, In 1934, she was played, under the name Duchess d'Angoulême, by, In 1989 she was played by Katherine Flynn in, Gabrielle Angelique, Duchess of La Valette and Epernon, This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 20:25. Her second name, Charlotte, was for her mother's favourite sister, Maria Carolina of Austria, queen consort of Naples and Sicily, who was known as Charlotte in the family. Publié ou mis à jour le : 2020-05-17 08:27:46.

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