Turkey: 5,400 With a population of 142.8 million according to the 2010 census, which rose to 146.7 million as of 2020, Russia is the most populous country in Europe and the ninth-most populous country in the world. Recently however, Russian life expectancy has again begun to rise. China 200,000 migrant workers, 1000 settled permanently. The increase was reported as between 15,000 and 25,000 people and was attributed to a falling death rate and increasing migration. North Macedonia – 20,000 worker arrivals, 612 settled permanently. Even though life expectancy in Russia is steadily growing at a high pace (~0.5 year annually) reaching all-time record highs every year,[6] it is still not enough for recovery due to the distorted wave-like age structure of the population. Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent. [94], Most smaller groups live compactly in their respective regions and can be categorized by language group. [69], definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2015 est. By 2020 around 25.7% of Russians would be over 60 years, which is nearly double the percentage in 1985 of 12.7%. Between 2006 and 2011 the male life expectancy in Russia rose by almost four years, increasing the overall life expectancy by nearly 4 years to 70.3. There are three types of age dependency ratio: Youth, Elderly, and Total. There is no official census data on religion, but a 2012 survey indicated that 41% of Russians were Russian Orthodox Christians, 13% were non-religious, 6.5% were Muslims, and 5.5% were "undecided.". Population Pyramids: Russian Federation - 2020. The absolute numbers of most of these peoples reached its highest level in the beginning of the 1990s. Sources: Our World In Data and Gapminder Foundation.[56]. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) The Russian death rate in 2010 was 14.3 per 1000 citizens. Illegal immigrants number 4 million, mostly from Ukraine and the Caucasus. However, since 2016 TFR has been plummeting, which has already led to a return of a growing natural decrease. Tajikistan 80,000 migrant workers, 220 settled permanently. The number of births was expected to fall over the next few years as women born during the baby bust in the 1990s enter their prime childbearing years, but this didn't occur thanks to the continued growth of the TFR.  Kazakhstan: 28,100 For example, in 2002, in the ethnic group with the lowest median age – Ingush – women 35 or older had, on average, 4.05 children; in the ethnic group with the highest median age – Jews – women 35 or older averaged only 1.37 children. In 2018 it surpassed the net migration increment leading to a slight decline of total population. 145,934,462. see live. When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, the population of Russia was recorded at 148,538,000. [85], In 2012, 1,043,292, or 55% of all deaths in Russia were caused by cardiovascular disease. Overall, Russia has a population density of 9 people per square kilometer, making it one of the least densely populated countries in the world. Likewise, the fertility rate rose from its lowest point of 1.157 in 1999 to 1.777 in 2015. Naissances cette année: 1 749. Gavrilova, N.S., Gavrilov, L.A., Semyonova, V.G., Evdokushkina, G.N., Ivanova, A.E. View live population, charts & trends: Population of Russia, A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated. Russia's natural change in population over the past twenty-five years has been fairly unstable, decreasing in the early 90s, leveling out and then climbing beginning in 2005 before leveling out again. In many of the following years, Russia had the highest total fertility rate in the world. Some are close to extinction. In 2009 the population saw yearly growth for the first time in 15 years. Most former communist countries got through the same economic collapse and health system collapse. total population: 0.86 male(s)/female (2009)[70], In 2017, Russia's TFR of 1.62 children born/woman[citation needed] was among the highest in Eastern Europe, meaning that the average Russian family had more children than an average family in most other Eastern European countries, but that the rate was below the replacement rate of 2.1. This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 07:20. © Copyright Worldometers.info - All rights reserved -, countries (and dependencies) by population, World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision, The population density in Russia is 9 per Km. definition: age 15 and over can read and write [100] According to the Armenian government, between 80,000 and 120,000 Armenians travel to Russia every year to do seasonal work, returning home for the winter. Population Research and Policy Review, 2008, 27: 551–574. All others: 41,400. All three ratios are commonly multiplied by 100. Russia’s economic freedom score is 61.0, making its economy the 94th freest in the 2020 Index. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline, See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy. The main destinations of emigrants from Russia are the USA (Russians, Jews, Belarusians, Chechens, Meskhetian Turks, Ukrainians and others), Israel (Jews), Germany (Germans and Jews), Poland (Poles), Canada (Finns and Ukrainians), Finland (Finns), France (Jews and Armenians) and the United Kingdom (mainly rich Russians). Russian is the common official language throughout Russia understood by 99% of its current inhabitants and widespread in many adjacent areas of Asia and Eastern Europe. For this reason, over 73% of the population choose to live in urban areas. These conclusions were criticized by The Economist. Масштабы и темпы динамики численности населения России за 1811—1913 гг. [99] In 2015, Ukraine–Russia was the world's largest migration corridor after Mexico–USA. It’s long been a common tradition in Russia for families to maintain a dacha—a simple, country home—alongside their home in the city. preferred language, ethnicity) have gained strong interest among Russian-speaking residents of those countries (i.e. About 3 million students attend Russia's 519 institutions of higher education and 48 universities. female: 77.4 years[citation needed]. Population growth and demographics have long been a problem for Russia, as a decade ago the nation was losing 1 million people a year, and many doubt Vladimir Putin's plans will work.  Kyrgyzstan: 44,600 [102] In 2014, remittances from Russia accounted for around one-third of Kyrgyzstan's and 46.6% of Tajikistan's GDP. Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100. The Russian state religion is Orthodox Christianity. In 2017, the number of births took a drop mostly due to falling fertility rates, which, in turn, were affected by falling of fertility of 2nd children due to planned but postponed termination of maternal capital program, and falling of fertility of 1st children. | HighBeam Business: Arrive Prepared", Russian policies ignite unprecedented birth rate in 2007, Mass privatisation and the post-communist mortality crisis: a cross-national analysis, Ex-communist reform – Mass murder and the market, "WHO Life Expectancy Projections 2000 – ministry". The life expectancy was about 70 in 1986,[88] prior to the transition-induced disruption of the healthcare system. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality. Migration nette cette année: 215. While Russia did see some promising figures in 2019, with 98,000 migrants recorded in the country, this was seen as an anomaly. There is also a huge trend towards seasonal deurbanization in Russia. Most of them work in the construction, cleaning and in the household industries. Unfortunately, even if this plan succeeded, the fast that 17 to 20% of Russians are seeking to permanently move to another country could hinder the country’s plan to bolster their shrinking population. In total, there are more than 185 different ethnic groups in Russia. However, the number of deaths didn't decline by as much as it did the previous year because whilst life expectancy improved, the population aged leading to a higher mortality rate. Russia has a population of around 143 million inhabitants. For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding. Global Rank: Position held by Russia in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated. The goal of this plan is to attract up to 10 million migrants between 2019 and 2025. As of the 2010 census, 80.90% of the population that disclosed their ethnicity (111,016,896 people) is ethnically Russian, followed by (groups larger than one million):[92], According to the 2010 Census in Russia lived 142,856,536 people. The ethno-demographic structure of Russia has gradually changed over time. The largest city and capital is Moscow, with a population of around 12 million residents. Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. List of federal subjects of Russia by total fertility rate, List of federal subjects of Russia by life expectancy, List of countries by immigrant population, Indigenous small-numbered peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East, "Население России на 2017 год составляет 146 804 372 человека. For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period. With a current growth rate of -0.05%, it’s predicted that Russia’s population will drop to around 132 million by 2050—a decrease of almost 12 million people. Compared to the G7 countries, in 2015, Russian TFR of 1.78 children/ woman[78] was lower than that of France (1.93), the USA (1.84), the UK (1.82). Youth Dependency Ratio Definition: population ages 0-15 divided by the population ages 16-64. [22][29] Key reasons for the slow current population growth are improving health care, changing fertility patterns among younger women, falling emigration and a steady influx of immigrants from ex-USSR countries. 1913 г. Издание ЦСК МВД. under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants. страница 38, "Каталог публикаций::Федеральная служба государственной статистики", https://rosstat.gov.ru/storage/mediabank/Dem_ejegod-2019.pdf, https://www.gks.ru/storage/mediabank/Popul2020.xls, https://www.gks.ru/storage/mediabank/EDN(1).xlsx, Age structure of the Russian population as of 1 January 2009, Russian Birth Rate above Regional Average, "According To The Latest Data Russia's Demography Is Still In Sharp Decline", "ЕСТЕСТВЕННОЕ ДВИЖЕНИЕ НАСЕЛЕНИЯ В РАЗРЕЗЕ СУБЪЕКТОВ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ за январь-июнь 2020 года", "Life expectancy of the Russian Federation since 1950", "Ожидаемая продолжительность жизни при рождении", "Ожидаемая продолжительность жизни россиян выросла на 3,7 года в 2011г – Голикова", "Global status report on alcohol and health", Yeltsin: healthier than the average Russian: Poverty, pollution and drink has slashed life expectancy, writes Phil Reeves, "World Development Indicators – DataBank", "National Human Development Report: Russian Federation 2008: Russia Facing Demographic Challenges", National Human Development Report Russian Federation 2008, https://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/perepis2010/croc/perepis_itogi1612.htm, "Владивосток: В России стало больше русских", "Перепись-2010: русских становится больше", "СОСТАВ ГРУППЫ НАСЕЛЕНИЯ "ЛИЦА, УКАЗАВШИЕ ДРУГИЕ ОТВЕТЫ О НАЦИОНАЛЬНОЙ ПРИНАДЛЕЖНОСТИ" ПО СУБЪЕКТАМ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ, Central Asia: Labor Migrants Face Abuse, Xenophobia, "Central Asian Migrants in Russia: A Heated Debate", "Mapped: Which country has the most immigrants? Many immigrants are actually migrant workers, who come to Russia and work for around five years then return to their countries. Its population density stands at 9 inhabitants per square kilometre (23 per square mile). As a result of great emphasis on science and technology in education, Russian medical, mathematical, scientific, and space and aviation research is generally of a high order. So what is causing Russia’s decline? Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data).  Estonia,  Latvia,  Lithuania: 5,300 In all, the number of deaths exceeded the number of births by 1.3 times, down from 1.5 in 2006. Since 1992, natural growth in Russia has been negative and the numbers of all peoples of European Russia were lower in 2010 than in 2002, the only exceptions being the Roma (due to high fertility rates) and the Gagauz (due to high levels of migration from Moldova to Russia). 2007 marked the highest growth in birth rates that the country had seen in 25 years, and 2009 marked the highest total birth rate since 1991.[31]. Population masculine actuelle (46.3%) ... Nombre d'adeptes ( 15.11.2020 - Countrymeters.info). It is the world’s largest country landmass and covers 17.1 million square miles, making it 7.2 million square miles larger than the second-largest country, Canada. Population de la Fédération russe (1951 - 2020) L'histoire de la population de la Fédération russe. This is due to the fact that those people were counted from administrative databases and not directly, and were therefore unable to state their ethnicity. Together these oblasts host 60% of the Kazakh population in Russia. In 2018, the number of births kept falling, but at much slower pace. The disparity in the average lifespan between genders in Russia is the largest in the world. The number of Germans halved between 1959 and 2010. [91], Despite an increase in "family planning", a large portion of Russian families do not achieve the target of desired children at the desired time. This article is about demographics. In: Pridemore, W.A. In 1990, just prior to the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Russia's total fertility rate (TFR) stood at 1.89. Many non-religious ethnic Russians identify with the Orthodox faith for cultural reasons. Russia’s largest cities, Moscow and St. Petersburg, have over 17 million residents between them. World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated. male: 99.7% 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2045 2050 2055 2060 2065 2070 2075 2080 2085 2090 2095 2100 145,934,460 Population. 15–64 years: 0.4 male(s)/female This means the natural loss of population was about 20% larger than in the previous year. [37] More recent studies have confirmed these findings. Country Name Population in 2020 Difference with 2020; China: 1,396,164,036: 22,622,758 … Yearly Change: For 2019: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019).  Belarus: 27,700 [21] In total, over 186 different ethnic groups live within the Russian Federation's borders. Russia is a highly urbanized country, with 74.2% of the total population (2017) living in urban areas. Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²). Relatively few Russian people live in villages—rural population accounted for 26% of the total population according to the 2010 Russian Census. [73] The only federal subject of Russia to see a decline in fertility since 1999 is Ingushetia, where the TFR fell from 2.443 to 2.278 in 2014. Ruling Russia: Law, Crime, and Justice in a Changing Society. 9. For the headline figures, this Russian population infographic created by Russian news agency RIA Novosti is informative. The further east you go --to Siberia and beyond -- the less dense the population is. There is currently no developed country in the world where families are, on average, having two of more children. En 2002 le taux d’urbanisation s’établissait à 74 %. Although almost 81% of Russian citizens identify themselves as ethnic Russians, there are also other large ethnic groups. Том 1", "Total Fertility Rate around the world over the last centuries", Migrant resettlement in the Russian federation: reconstructing 'homes' and 'homelands', "Национальный состав населения по субъектам Российской Федерации", "World Urbanization Prospects – Population Division – United Nations", Russia sees first population increase in 15 years, "Russian population rises by 292,400 in 2012 – Rosstat. Some people own or rent village houses and use them as dachas (summer houses). [citation needed]. Because of this, citizen-based population growth in developed countries has simply stopped. From January to March 2013, the number of births shrank by about 4,000, while the number of deaths increased the same amount. Due to its northern location, much of Russia’s weather is harsh and unrelenting. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution. Russia is home to approximately 117 million ethnic Russians,[19] and about 20 million ethnic Russians live outside of Russia in the former republics of the Soviet Union, mostly in Ukraine and Kazakhstan, as well as in the diaspora across the globe. [41], The natural population decline continued to slow through 2008—2012 due to declining death rates and increasing birth rates. The unemployment rate in Russia was 5.3% as of 2013. Russie Population. Russian Demographic Crisis in Cross-National Perspective. The death rate accounted for 357,000 of these, which is 137,000 less than in 2006. Population Research and Policy Review, 2000, 19: 397–419. [119] Unemployment is highest among women and young people. [96] According to a 2013 opinion poll, 74% of Russians view the large number of labor migrants as a negative phenomenon. in 2009 the Russian population saw a small but significant increase. Russian Federation population 2020 During 2020 Russian Federation population is projected to increase by 60,094 people and reach 146,630,227 in the beginning of 2021. Kyrgyzstan 50,000 migrant workers, 219 settled permanently. СПб., 1914. The assimilation is reflected in the high median age of these peoples (see the table below), as assimilation is stronger among young people than among old people. Between 1993 and 2008, Russia’s population saw a considerable decline in its population from 148.37 million to 143.25. Aging Populations: Russia/Eastern Europe. [110] Estimates of practicing worshipers are: [60], In the 1980s only 8% to 10% of married Russian women of reproductive age used hormonal and intrauterine contraception methods, compared to 20% to 40% in other developed countries. [116][117] There is some presence of Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism and other pagan beliefs are also present to some extent in remote areas, sometimes syncretized with one of the mainstream religions. Статистические очерки. Economic uncertainty was a major factor in this, persuading people against having children. However, since recovering from the 1998 economic crisis, the standard of living has been on the rise. Over the next decade, the population decreased at a fairly steady rate of a half percent per year. Similarly, the numbers of Ukrainians, Belarusians, Germans, Jews, and other non-autochthonous ethnic groups has also been decreased by emigration to Ukraine, Belarus, Germany, Israel, and so forth, respectively. [citation needed]. [citation needed], In every region in Russia, rural areas reported higher TFR compared to urban areas. Combined with this, birth rates fell sharply as well. According to a 2009 report by The Lancet,[33] a British medical journal, mass privatization, an element of the economic-reform package nicknamed shock therapy, clearly correlates with higher mortality rates. In the late 1950s, the USSR claimed a higher life expectancy than the United States,[87] but the Soviet Union has lagged behind Western countries in terms of mortality and life expectancy since the late 1960s. The second leading cause of death was cancer, which claimed 287,840 lives (15.2%). The share of unexpected pregnancies remains much lower in countries with developed family planning culture, such as the Netherlands, whose percentage of unwanted pregnancies 20 years before was half of that in Russia as of 2008[update].

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